??? It hurts to keep secrets. Secrecy (保密) is associated with lower well-being, worse health, and less satisfying relationships. Research has linked secrecy to increased anxiety, depression, symptoms of poor health, and even the more rapid progression of disease. There is a seemingly obvious explanation for these harms: hiding secrets is hard work. You have to watch what you say.

New research, however, suggests that the harm of secrets doesn’t really come from the hiding after all. The real problem with keeping a secret is not that you have to hide it, but that you have to live with it, and think about it.

To better understand the harms of secrecy, researchers first set out to understand what secrets people keep, and how often they keep them. They found that 97% of people have at least one secret at any given moment, and people have, on average, 13 secrets.

Across several studies, researchers asked participants to estimate how frequently they hid their secret during conversations with others, and also how frequently they thought about the secret outside of social interactions. They found that the more frequently people simply thought about their secrets, the lower their well-being.

Following up this research, a new paper reveals why thinking about secrets is so harmful. Turning the question around, the consequences of telling secrets are examined. Researchers found that when a person reveals a secret to a third party, it does not reduce how often they have to hide the secret from others who are still kept in the dark. Rather, it reduces how often their mind wanders toward the secret in irrelevant moments.

Therefore, if you choose to still keep something secret, talking to another person can make the world of difference. Secrets don’t have to hurt as much as they do.

1.Which is not one of the harms of keeping secrets?

A. Being physically sick. B. Mental problems.

C. Harmed relationships. D. Hiding somewhere.

2.Why is keeping secrets so harmful?

A. Because you must hide them.

B. Because you often think about them.

C. Because it’s difficult to keep secrets.

D. Because you must watch what to say.

3.How can people reduce the harm of keeping secrets?

A. By working hard. B. By keeping 13 secrets.

C. By thinking about the secrets. D. By telling secrets to a third person.

4.Which is the text probably taken from?

A. An advertisement B. A research report

C. A biology textbook. D. A travel brochure.

 

??? The tons of plastic we’re dumping in the oceans is finding a new home—the stomachs of our beautiful marine animals. Yet another reminder of this fact washed ashore in Eastern Indonesia this week. A large amount of waste, including drinking cups and flip-flops, was found in the stomach of a whale that died off the coast near Kapota Island.

The 9.5-metre sperm whale (抹香鲸) was found by rescuers from the Wakatobi National Park. The whale had swallowed 5.9 kilograms of plastic waste containing 115 plastic cups, four plastic bottles, 25 plastic bags, and more than 1,000 other kinds of pieces of plastic, park chief Heri Santoso told the reporter.

“Although we have not been able to? deduce the cause of death, the facts that we see are truly awful,” said Dwi Suprapti, a marine species conservation co-ordinator at WWF Indonesia. She said it was not possible to determine if the plastic had caused the whale’s death because of the animal’s advanced state of decay (腐烂). But this is only the latest.

Four Asian nations—Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam and Thailand—account for 50% of the plastic waste in the oceans, according to a report by environmental campaigner Ocean Conservancy and the McKinsey Center for Business and Environment. The Philippines is second to Indonesia when it comes to putting away plastic waste in the oceans, according to a study published in the journal Science in January. Of the 3.2 million mismanaged waste it produces every year, 1.29 million ends up in the ocean.

A report released earlier this year stated that the amount of plastic in the ocean is likely to increase.

1.What can we know about the sperm whale?

A. Its stomach is the home of plastic waste.

B. It died of swallowing lots of plastic waste.

C. It was the first whale to eat plastic waste.

D. It had eaten much plastic waste before its death.

2.Which can best replace the underlined word “deduce” in paragraph 3?

A. confirm B. cause

C. approve D. contain

3.Which country dumps the most plastic waste into the oceans?

A. Thailand B. Indonesia

C. Vietnam D. Philippines

4.What’s the main idea of the passage?

A. Philippines puts away 1.29 million tons of plastic.

B. A sperm whale was found dead near Kapota Island.

C. Much dumped plastic waste was found in a dead whale.

D. We should take measures to reduce the waste in whales.

 

??? Our hero’s origin story started this past February in the Perine family living room in Birmingham, Alabama. Austin, a 4-year-old boy, and his father, Tad Perine, were watching a program on Animal Planet about a mother panda leaving her cubs. “I told him that the cubs would be homeless for a while,” Tad says. “Austin didn’t know what homelessness meant, but he was sad and wanted to know more.”

Seeing this as a teachable moment, Tad took Austin to the Firehouse Ministries, a local shelter that provides housing, food, and other services for homeless men. As they drove by the redbrick building, they saw a group of 25 homeless men standing on the street corner. “Dad, they look sad.” Austin said. “Can we take them some food and make them smile?” That day, Austin used his allowance to buy each man a Burger King sandwich and handed the food out himself. Seeing what their presence meant to the men at the ministry, Austin and Tad returned the next week.

After he returned every week for five weeks, word of Austin’s acts of kindness spread through social media and national news outlets. Burger King jumped aboard, agreeing to donate $1,000 a month for an entire year toward the cause. Soon, churches and shelters across the country began inviting Austin to come to distribute food in other areas. Whereas before Austin and Tad could feed 25 to 50 people at a time; now, thanks to corporate and community support, they can feed 800 to 2,000 people at once.

As for Austin, he continues to give out food, smiles, and his inspirational message of love. “It makes me feel like I’m saving the day.”

1.How does Austin feel when seeing the TV program?

A. Surprised B. Joyful

C. Grateful D. Unhappy

2.Why did Tad drive Austin to the local shelter?

A. To donate some money for the homeless.

B. To ask for some help from the homeless.

C. To teach him the meaning of homelessness.

D. To introduce Austin to the staff there.

3.What does the author intend to do in Paragraph 3?

A. To confirm Austin’s influence.

B. To praise Burger King’s donation.

C. To thank the community’s support

D. To convey appreciation of the homeless.

4.What can be a suitable title for the text?

A. A Teachable Moment

B. A Boy Fighting Against Hunger

C. A Kind Family Helping the Poor

D. Tad’s Inspirational Message of Love

 

??? This week, we’re sharing our favorite recent reads. To help round out our recommendations, we also tapped some folks who you’ve heard on Code Switch before — novelists, scholars, poets and podcasters.

All You Can Ever Know by Nicole Chung

“The book is an extraordinary, honest and sympathetic look at adoption, race in America and families in general. It’s also such an engaging read. I stayed up way too late one night reading it because the story just pulled me in. And I’ve recommended many of my friends to read it so I can talk about it with them.” — Jasmine Guillory, author of The Wedding Date, The Proposal and the forthcoming book The Wedding Part.

Becoming by Michelle Obama

“It’s a deeply-moving coming of age story of Michelle Obama in her early life. There are such moving anecdotes about how this family just invested everything in the possibility of giving their children a better life. It’s not a sweet book, but at the same time, it’s deeply hopeful about the possibility of what happens when you work hard, what happens when you love hard.” — Tayari Jones, author of An American Marriage, Silver Sparrow and other books.

Rage Becomes Her: The Power of Women’s Anger by Soraya Chemaly

“What really impressed me about this book is this idea that women should be allowed to express their anger, particularly in Latin American families and communities. I just think Soraya goes into this incredible detail citing scientific studies and different works of literature that really convey the necessity to female anger, not only for the health of women, but for the health of equality in society.” — Jean Guerrero, reporter with KPBS and author of Crux: A Cross-Border Memoir.

1.Who wrote The Wedding Date?

A. Tayari Jones B. Jean Guerrero

C. Jasmine Guillory D. Soraya Chemaly

2.Which book tells a bitter story with hope?

A. Becoming B. All You Can Ever Know

C. Silver Sparrow D. Crux: A Cross-Border Memoir

3.What’s the purpose of the passage?

A. To sell books. B. To comment on books.

C. To share reviews of books. D. To collect opinions of books.

 

假如你是李华,你的美国朋友Trevor对中国俗语很感兴趣,前些天给你发了一封邮件,向你请教良言一句三冬暖,恶语伤人六月寒的含义,请你结合以下要点给他回封邮件:

1.该俗语的含义;

2.你从中得到的启示。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

Dear Trevor,

Glad to receive your email and willing to explain to you the saying you mentioned in your email.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Hope my explanation will be helpful to you.

Yours,

Li Hua

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

I’m happy to know about that you are interested in Spring Festival couplets(对联), symbol of traditional Chinese culture. The tradition of put up Spring Festival couplets dates back to the Song Dynasty. Therefore, not until the Ming Dynasty did Spring Festival couplets become popular nationwide.

With black or golden character written on red paper, they are sticking on doors or walls. They are made up of positive words what convey wishes for love, health, success, wealth, happy and so on. A common theme of Spring Festival couplets is people’s desire for a better life in the coming year. In addition, praising your motherland is another popular theme.

Hopefully, you can have a better understanding because of my carefully explanation.

 

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Almost all the ice covering the Bering Sea has melted(融化), scientists have confirmed, 1.(throw) communities living around 2.(it) shores into disorder. The region’s ice cover 3.(normal) lasts for at least another month, and this year it has disappeared earlier than any other year except 2017.

Living in 4. northern Pacific Ocean between Alaska and Russia, the Bering Sea is experiencing the climate change and has drawn attention this year for record-breaking levels of winter melting. In February, rising Arctic temperatures 5.(lead) to around half the region’s disappearing in the space of two weeks.

A report 6.(send) by the International Arctic Research Centre at the University of Alaska Fairbanks has outlined the real-world effects of these surprising environmental 7.(change) on the many communities 8. live in the Bering Sea region.

In their report, the International Arctic Research Centre scientists wrote that while not every year will be as bad as this one, ice 9.(form) is likely to remain low if the Bering Sea’s waters remain warm. They also warn that communities will need to “prepare for more winters 10. low sea ice and stormy conditions”.

 

??? As my husband, Doug, stood on the busy New York city street to stop a taxi, I tried to protect my daughter from the cold December wind and rain. I put my head down to kiss her______face.

Frustrated and wet, my husband gave up his attempt to hail a taxi. I knew the feeling. Just after her first birthday, we were told our daughter Katie has a ________ brain illness. Since that moment, Doug and I felt like _______ in a marathon race where the finish line kept disappearing. We knew Katie was running out of ________. It had taken months before we finally had a name for the ________, but we were told only a few specialists in the world knew how to ________ it. Now, as we finally found a brilliant doctor to ________ our girl, we were in a strange city in the cold rain.

Just at the moment, a middle-aged woman _______ and said, “Pardon me? May I offer you a(n) _______?

Before we could say ________, she continued, “It’s really no ________ for me. Just get in.”

It was then that I noticed her thick Irish ________, which ________ me up like hot soup. We ________ said, “Thanks! Roosevelt Hospital, please,” as we got in her car for the ride.

“Are you going for the baby?” she asked us.

I nodded my head, holding back my _______.

At the hospital, we _______ her a dozen times for the ride. As the woman hugged me, I noticed her face was ________ with tears. She promised to pray for us before she left.

After three more visits to New York and two more _______ surgeries (手术), Katie is cured. But the voice of the Irish Angel still rang as a constant________ of a tiny ray of light that appeared in our ______ days.

1.A. smiling B. tiny C. round D. beautiful

2.A. rare B. simple C. normal D. natural

3.A. passers-by B. judges C. lawyers D. runners

4.A. money B. confidence C. time D. courage

5.A. race B. illness C. doctor D. challenge

6.A. fix B. check C. reach D. explain

7.A. protect B. meet C. encourage D. save

8.A. pulled over B. put up C. turned down D. stood by

9.A. ride B. seat C. car D. umbrella

10.A. nothing B. anyone C. anything D. someone

11.A. difference B. question C. trouble D. loss

12.A. appearance B. accent C. custom D. hair

13.A. picked B. called C. woke D. warmed

14.A. normally B. simply C. angrily D. regularly

15.A. tears B. anger C. smile D. surprise

16.A. respected B. praised C. thanked D. accepted

17.A. annoyed B. disappointed C. happy D. wet

18.A. eye B. brain C. kidney D. heart

19.A. warning B. effort C. reminder D. exercise

20.A. busiest B. luckiest C. happiest D. darkest

 

??? Live Every Day Like It’s A Holiday

We feel great on holiday because we let go of everyday stresses and strains. 1. So whether or not you’re going away this summer, there’s plenty you can do to make sure you benefit from that holiday feeling.

Sleep like a holidaymaker

Sleep like a baby when you’re on your holidays but stay awake when you’re in your usual routine? 2. To reset your sleep pattern, avoid bringing problems to bed. That includes your phone, TV or laptop. Make sure the room is dark and cool. Aim for at least seven hours’ —just as you would on holiday.

Get moving

3. Given that exercise is cheap, healthy and reduces stress, it makes absolute sense to build it into your day. A walk will release happy hormones, and eases anxiety and mild depression.

4.

Part of the joy of going away is lingering over delicious food with families. Take up the holiday habit of sitting down as a family for at least one meal a day. Families who eat together experience less anxiety, less depression and less obesity, research has found.

Be a tourist in your own city

Part of the thrill of a holiday is the novelty of discovering a new place and doing new things. 5. At weekends, check out a new music venue, visit a different museum or have a drink in that interesting-looking pub you’re always walking past. It will get you out of routine and make you feel alive. A bit like a holiday, really.

A. Make your meals a celebration.

B. Carve out some dedicated quiet time.

C. If so, you might need to examine your sleep habits.

D. Just make sure you schedule it into your day or week.

E. But it’s also easy to be a holidaymaker in the place you live.

F. Research has even shown that vacations help health and well-being.

G. When you’re travelling, you walk around new cities without a second thought.

 

??? The clock always seems to be ticking rather too fast in the doctor’s office and the queue of patients outside the door seems to be pressing rather too hard. Some say it’s high time for the model of short, sharp one-to-one appointments to give way to shared medical appointments (SMAs共享医疗预约).

SMAs are doctor-patient visits in which a group of patients receive patient education and counseling(咨询), physical examination and medical support in a group setting. Typically SMAs are designed to have one or more doctors attend to a group of patients who share a common illness or medical condition. In contrast to one-to-one visits, SMAS provide a longer appointment time-frame as well as the opportunity for patients to have improved access to their physicians and meanwhile pick up additional information and support from peers.

However, doctors who have pioneered the shared appointment approach report that there are significant challenges involved. Dr. Sumego, director of shared medical appointments, Cleveland Clinic,identifies culture change as the most significant challenge. Physicians and nurses are trained in a model of personal service and privacy; the SMA approach is a fundamental challenge to those fixed ideas. They need shared goals and a way of testing the innovation against agreed standards. Dr. Sumego says, “The physicians may be worried about the possible chaos and efficiencies that are marketed. They also have to make the patients understand what their appointment is, and what the expectation is.”

“So, if an organization was looking to start shared medical appointments, I would advise them to start the buy-in from a few champion physicians, develop the work-flow and develop some experience. Provide some support behind what that best practice should look like. Create some standards so that, as the concept spreads, you can employ that experience to start the next shared medical appointments and the next.”

1.What is the purpose of the SMA approach?

A. To improve medical service. B. To promote doctors’ reputation.

C. To conduct medical research. D. To meet patients’ expectation.

2.According to Dr. Sumego, what prevents the SMA approach from being widely adopted?

A. Personal service. B. Fixed ideas.

C. Lack of equipment. D. Shared goals.

3.What can the underlined “buy-in”in Paragraph 4 be replaced by?

A. practice. B. organization.

C. purchase. D. support.

4.What can be learned about the SMA approach in the last paragraph?

A. It is currently being questioned. B. It is impractical in some areas.

C. It will enjoy wide popularity soon. D. It should be carried out step by step.

 

??? It began as a game: High school and college students studying computer technology figured out they could use personal computers to break into telephone company computers and make free, long-distance telephone calls. These young computer talents soon gained the name "hackers".

Police arrested a few hackers, but many went on to even more complex hacking. One of them was arrested for making illegal telephone calls and later he used a phone to change a police officer's credit records to get back at the officer for arresting him. He also used a computer to change his college records to give himself better grades.

As hackers gained experience, they began invading computers at banks, airlines and other businesses. In one case a hacker instructed an airline' s computer to give him free airplane tickets.

The U.S. government is worried that hackers may break into its networks of defense computers. The government's secrets are easily attacked because thousands of government computers are connected by telephone lines that hackers can get into.

In November 1988, a college student entered a U.S. Defense Department computer network called Arpanet. The hacker injected a computer program that made copies of itself throughout Arpanet. Some hackers use viruses to destroy all the data in a computer. But in this case, government officials shut down the network before the program reached every computer in the system. Shutting down the system angered many researchers who were using the computers. The hacker turned himself in to the police and he was charged with a crime.

The incident put the spotlight on computer hacking in the United States. Many companies have hired experts to protect their computers from hackers, and many computer experts now advise companies on how to protect their computers.

The U.S. government believes foreign governments have hired hackers to try to break into top-secret defense computers.

Experts disagree over whether a computer network can ever be safe from hacking. But in the future, some of the most outstanding minds in the U.S. will be working to frustrate the attempts of computer hackers.

1.What did the first hackers do?

A. They broke into government computers. B. They destroyed airplane ticket systems.

C. They played computer games. D. They made free phone calls.

2.Why can U.S. government computers be easily hacked into?

A. They have no defense systems. B. They are connected by telephone lines.

C. They are partly accessible to the public. D. They lack complex processing programs.

3.What happened to the government computers in November 1988?

A. They lost all of the important data.

B. They were shut down by researchers.

C. They were invaded by a college student.

D. They got totally ruined by a computer program.

4.What did companies decide to do to protect their computer systems?

A. Employ computer talents. B. Build secret defense systems.

C. Ask the government for help. D. Collect and analyze the data of hackers.

 

??? In recent years I have had two very good roles on television: Florence, the wisecracking maid on the series The Jeffersons, and Mary, the mother who holds things together on 227. But 17 years ago, in 1972 when I was just getting started in theater work, I thought I’d never make it as an actress. For that matter, I couldn’t even hold my life together or afford a home of my own.

Back then I had about as much self-confidence as a chicken in a fox’s nest. I was recovering from surgery and had been off work for six months from my job as a United Airlines reservations agent. I’d had some bit parts in local theater groups, but those came and went, not leading to anything bigger.

Worse, as a single mother with three youngsters, I had no place to live. My children were staying with their father while I recovered in an aunt’s apartment. Lying in bed, staring hopelessly at the wall, I didn’t know what to do or where to turn.

Then one Sunday morning I aimlessly turned on the television set, and there were actor Robert Young and his wife talking about their faith. I sat right up in bed. They said, “ When one door closes, a better one opens,” Well, I wasn’t going to just sit staring at the closed one. So I got up and trudged(跋涉) on. Even if my shoes wore out, I decided, my faith wouldn’t.

Later, when I began filling small parts in television productions, that self-confidence showed. I’d always done my best to play the role as I thought the director wanted, but now I found myself freer to interpret it, I was more natural, more me.

1.What do the underlined words “ hold my life together” in paragraph 1 probably mean?

A. Enjoy my life B. Support myself

C. Abandon my life D. Fight against my life

2.How did the author feel when she worked in the local theater?

A. Confident B. Excited

C. Nervous D. Disappointed

3.What can we learn about the author from paragraph 3?

A. She lived in her own apartment B. She had to stay with her father

C. She was confused about her future D. She was looked after by her kids

4.What is the author’s purpose of writing this passage?

A. To share her understanding of faith with us B. To prove her success in the TV acting

C. To show thanks to her respected aunt D. To tell how hard she brought up her children.

 

 

1.What is the purpose of this email?

A. To introduce the hotel to the guest.

B. To tell the guest how to cancel the reservation.

C. To show the hotel’s appreciation for the reservation.

D. To inform the guest of cancellation rules and request confirmation.

2.Which of the following is true about cancellation policy?

A. You can’t cancel the reservation.

B. You can call to cancel the reservation.

C. You can’t get any refund if you cancel the reservation at arrival.

D. You can get full refund if you cancel the reservation before arrival.

3.What do we know about the reservation status(状态)?

A. It has been confirmed. B. It needs to be confirmed within 3 days.

C. It has been cancelled. D. It will be cancelled within 3 days.

 

假定你是李华,你的英国朋友David写邮件告知你他打算购买 《红楼梦》 (A Dream in Red Mansions) 英文版,但不知道纸质版本和有声版本哪个更适合。请你给他提出建议,要点如下:

1.你的建议;

2.你的理由(至少两条)

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

参考词汇:有声读物audio book

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Self-protection is one of most important skills for us teenagers. But how do we protect themselves? Now let me share my ideas to you.

First, I always obey the traffic rules and I never ran the red light. When the traffic light is red, I won’t go as it turns green. I always cross the zebra walk because of it is safe. Second, I often eat the food what is healthy and safe. Eat too much fast food will be harmful to my health. Third, I never meet stranger alone, especially friends whom I make on the Internet.

In short, if we obey the rules and take care of ourselves, we will grow up happy.

 

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

The silent killer — air pollution causes seven million premature (过早的) 1. (death) a year, not just in 2. (develop) countries but also in UK and the USA as well. In Chinapeople are well aware of the health problems it brings.

I check every part every day. If it has heavy air pollution, I will prepare masks for my family. I dislike 3. when the air is bad. Because bad air makes it difficult for me to breathe and I think it does influence my 4. (perform) at work. A new research in china has also found a link between air quality and levels of intelligence. In the study, 25,000 people living across China 5. (test) in language and math skills last year. They found the results of those 6. lived in more polluted areas were 7. (negative) impacted, especially in languages. It adds to a growing body of evidence that air pollution has an effect not just on the lungs and heart 8. on the brain.

This research shows that the longer we are exposed to air pollution, the 9. (many) problems we’re storing up for later life. Campaigners hope this study will persuade the British government 10. (think) hard before it publishes its clean air strategy next year.

 

??? I quit my job to start my own business before my son was born. Luckily, four months later, a big investment company ______ me about the cooperation between us, promising that it could take my company to the next level. Then something ______ happened. I received an email from the investor that read: “We’re going to end our cooperation.”

I was ______. The next few days, when I thought of this discouragement, I ______ how helpless I truly was. And I also became aware that I had a fear of ______. If I was going to keep moving forward with my company, I’d have to ______ this fear. So, I turned to Google for an ______ and I found a game called Rejection Therapy. It ______ to help you overcome your fear of rejection by ______ seeking out rejection. I loved it and ______ to have a try.

As my rejection journey continued, I began to feel more and more ______ when asking for things. I realized I could ______ what I can do to overcome my fear, and by the end of my 100-day journey it actually became ______ for me to receive “no”. I even made shocking ______ ?on purpose, such as asking a ______ if I could play soccer in his backyard. The crazy thing? They all said yes. In the end, my 10-day journey ______ with 51 yeses and 49 noes.

In the ______ of my rejection journey, I learned that when we shy away from rejection we reject ourselves and our ideas before the world ever has a ______ to pay attention to and reject us. That comes to be the greatest ______ I’ve learned — no matter what, don’t be ______ by the world.

1.A. employed B. impressed C. refused D. approached

2.A. unfamiliar B. unexpected C. unusual D. unforgettable

3.A. discouraged B. frightened C. astonished D. excited

4.A. confused B. realized C. guessed D. revealed

5.A. connection B. invitation C. rejection D. communication

6.A. get over B. turn over C. get off D. turn down

7.A. explanation B. access C. inspiration D. answer

8.A. arranges B. offers C. aims D. prepares

9.A. deliberately B. sincerely C. violently D. secretly

10.A. managed B. decided C. demanded D. hesitated

11.A. ashamed B. guilty C. fearless D. embarrassed

12.A. focus on B. get down C. set aside D. take over

13.A. easy B. difficult C. boring D. interesting

14.A. suggestions B. comments C. requests D. improvements

15.A. acquaintance B. friend C. relative D. stranger

16.A. used B. concluded C. missed D. abandoned

17.A. process B. way C. measure D. challenge

18.A. struggle B. choice C. plan D. chance

19.A. subject B. truth C. lesson D. note

20.A. respected B. loved C. judged D. ignored

 

??? Babies have the charm to melt anybody’s heart instantly; no one escapes the twinkling eyes or the innocent smile. Just their presence will cheer you up, make you forget your worries and tempt you to indulge into their world. 1. Though I don’t have any answer to the question, I wonder as to what makes their aura so desirable. And I think there is something we can learn from the young ones.

Forgive and Forget

Babies can laugh and giggle all day because they don’t keep hatred against anyone. 2.

Do you think they’ve constructed an evil plan against you because you refused them candy last time? Probably not, life moved on and so did they. So why do we hold on to our past and refuse to let go of the emotional baggage? Does it do us any good except prevent us from laughing to the fullest?

3.

Endless questions of young kids can sometimes be enough to drain the adult mind. They are always busy wondering how things work or why things are the way they are, leaving no room for boredom. Their curiosity gives them an exponential learning curve; they pick up new things quickly and do not refuse to change.

Unconditional Love

4. They don’t judge you before they come running into your knees and they don’t walk away if you don’t give them the same in return. They have no expectations from you and simply do what their heart desires. If you want a hug, they’ll give you a hug; if you want two, they’ll give you two. So how does the adult world become so materialistic that we decide what we give based on what we think we might receive?

Living life to the fullest is not a difficult task; you just need to have the right attitude and an open mind. 5.

A. Keep smile every day

B. Never-ending Curiosity

C. What can we do to free from these worries?

D. Why do we adore the young ones so much?

E. So don’t envy the peaceful life of a baby, start living it yourself!

F. Kids have a hug and a kiss for anyone and everyone who wants one.

G. Their heart is pure and their mind empty to laugh out loud and enjoy the moment.

 

??? An experimental cleanup device called RemoveDEBRIS has successfully cast a net around a dummy (仿真的) satellite, imitating a technique that could one day collect spaceborne garbage.

The test, which was carried out this week, is widely believed to be the first successful demonstration of space cleanup technology, experts told CNN. And it symbolizes an early step toward solving what has already been a critical issue: junk in space.

Millions of pieces of junk are turning around in orbit, the result of 50 years of space travel and few regulations to keep space clean. At orbital speeds, even a small bit of paint crashing with a satellite can cause critical damage.

Various companies have plans to send thousands of new satellites into low-Earth orbit, already the most crowded area.

The RemoveDEBRIS experiment is run by a company and researchers led by the U. K.’s Surrey Space Center and includes Airbus, Airbus-owned Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd. and France’s ArianeGroup.

Guglielmo Aglietti, the director of Surrey Space Center, said that an operational version of the RemoveDEBRlS technology would cast a net that remains fastened to the main satellite so the debris can be dragged out of orbit. It could target large pieces of junk, including dead satellites up to 10 meters long.

The RemoveDEBRIS satellite will conduct a few more experiments in the coming months, including testing navigation features that could help guide the satellite to a specific piece of debris.

Jonathan McDowell, an astrophysicist at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, said the success of this week’s experiment was exciting, but he cautioned against “over- publicizing” it.

There are still enormous barriers to clear before operational cleanup tasks are underway, he said, and the most discouraging is figuring out how to fund such projects.

Aglietti, the Surrey professor who helped lead the RemoveDEBRIS project, said “The challenge will lie in persuading the relevant authorities to sponsor these tasks.” Aglietti said he hopes RemoveDEBRIS will conduct a few cleanup tasks per year, targeting the largest pieces of junk in the most crowded orbits.

1.What is the use of the RemoveDEBRIS satellite?

A. Demonstrating space technology.

B. Imitating a developing technique.

C. Collecting wastes existing in space.

D. Symbolizing great progress in space.

2.How does the RemoveDEBRlS satellite work?

A. By throwing a net to take the junk from orbit.

B. By fastening it to the main satellite tightly.

C. By dragging satellites up to 10 meters long.

D. By targeting large pieces of junk carefully.

3.What does the underlined word “sponsor” in the last paragraph probably mean?

A. Accomplish. B. Support. C. Oppose. D. Provide.

4.What’s the best title for the text?

A. The RemoveDEBRIS Project Is Perfect

B. How RemoveDEBRIS Is Invented in the Lab

C. Why the RemoveDEBRIS Satellite Is Invented

D. Satellite Collects Space Junk for the First Time

 

??? The alarm sounds. Students swing their backpack over their shoulder, board the school bus, make their way to their homeroom and the bell rings— school is back. But for more homes in America, school looks more like students waking up, making their way to the dining room or home office, setting up laptops and learning in the comfort of home.

Virtual(虚拟的)schooling, described as “a public school that offers only instruction in which students and teachers are separated by time and/or place, and interaction occurs via computers and/or telecommunications(电信)technologies”, has increased over the past decade. According to the National Education Policy Center, enrollments(注册人数)in virtual schools was 278,518 between the 2015 — 2016 school year and the 2016 — 2017 school year increased by 17,000.

For Arizona Virtual Academy, a full-time online public K-12 school, they use K12 Inc. curriculums. K12 Inc. serves students in all 50 states and more than 100 countries with digital learning platforms and technology, providing online education. “We always are improving our platforms and the technology that we use to make sure that we’re keeping up with the changing trends, not only with education but also with technology,” Dr. Kelly Van Sande said. Another piece of new technology they’ve rolled out is a new app where parents can find virtual schools available in their area.

Carrie Faulkner chose to enroll two of her children in Arizona Virtual Academy. She says they’ve done schooling online in Chicago, in California, at restaurants and on her cousin’s floor in Kansas. “It doesn’t matter whether he (her son) is on the couch, in his bed or at the kitchen table, he can do schooling wherever he wants to,” Faulkner said. “I wish they had it for me back when I was in school. That would have been awesome.”

1.Why does the author compare the two kinds of schooling in the first paragraph?

A. To attack real schooling.

B. To give an example of virtual schooling.

C. To introduce the topic “virtual schooling”.

D. To describe vividly students’ going to school.

2.How many students attended virtual schools during the 2016 — 2017 school year?

A. 295, 518 B. 17, 000. C. 278, 518. D. 147, 759.

3.What can we infer about Arizona Virtual Academy?

A. They provide both online and offline education.

B. They’re intended for students in the United States.

C. Their new app lets people find schools worldwide.

D. Their platforms and technology are very advanced.

4.What is Carrie Faulkner’s attitude to virtual schooling?

A. Ambiguous. B. Cautious C. Supportive. D. Disapproving.

 

??? A mother, Carrie Cort, 51, from Sussex, and her nine-year-old son have been named the UK’s most environmentally friendly family after winning an award for their environmental achievements.

Now every aspect of her life is environmentally friendly, from her son Adam’s birthday parties to her clothing, and she recycles everything from empty pens to milk bottle tops. “Changing our family lifestyle to green has saved us around £ 11, 000 every year, which has given us more financial stability,” Carrie says. “Living green has made us healthier and I feel younger now. It is fun seeing what you can make with unwanted or broken things. Growing your own food is great exercise, good for wildlife, and the food is much more nutritious and tastier.”

“My concern for the way we humans are treating the planet was really roused in 2008 when Adam was born. When he arrived, I suddenly had this huge, greater awareness of the kind of planet we’re bringing our children into though I learnt something about it in university.” She began going to talks, reading books, watching documentaries and attending green meetings in order to educate herself in the details of green living.

Carrie set up the local campaign group Sussex Green Living six years after her son’s birth. Later, she gave up her high-powered job, as she ran a video company with her brother, to do her job full-time. Today, she organizes talks and workshops. She runs a repair café, where people can bring everything to be fixed. Her recycling program helps people reuse wastes. Toothpaste tubes, for example, which Carrie sends to the Philippines, are turned into purses by an organization. “My goal is to inspire more people to lead greener, more environmentally friendly lives, to enable us to live in greater harmony with nature, now and for future organizations. I achieve this using various Sussex Green Living communication programs and working with other organizations who have the same goals and values.”

1.How did Carrie feel about her environmentally friendly lifestyle?

A. unwanted. B. unhealthy. C. expensive. D. economical.

2.Which of the following is true about Carrie?

A. She made good preparations for living green.

B. She recycled what people ignored for fun.

C. She does daily exercise by growing food.

D. She majored in planet protection in university.

3.When did Carrie begin to form her environmentally friendly lifestyle?

A. After winning an award.

B. After giving birth to her son.

C. After being stuck in poverty.

D. After attending green meetings

4.What does Carrie rely on to make her achievements?

A. Her repair café and workshops.

B. Her own programs and others’ work.

C. Her well-paid job and her brother’s support.

D. Her independence of realizing her green dream.

 

??? Summer is time for family fun and the creation of lifelong memories. Do not miss out on the opportunity to have an unforgettable vacation when booking activities, hotels, and more in these fantastic cities.

San Antonio, TX

Whether you are looking for a historic look into this fantastic city, or seeking to spend the day getting some sun at one of the theme parks in the area, there’s something for everyone. San Antonio is home to Sea World, Six Flags Fiesta Texas, the San Antonio Aquarium(水族馆), and other fun, family-friendly attractions. For a more historic look into the city, go on the San Antonio Grand Tour, the Alamo Trolley Tour, or book the San Antonio Explorer Pass.

Mackinac Island, MI

For an adventure, Mackinac Island is the destination of choice. Sitting on Lake Huron, Mackinac Island is inviting, with the Grand Hotel Luncheon Buffet and Self-Guided Tour or a Mackinac Island Carriage Tour. If your attention is on a family vacation, admission to the Wings of Mackinac Tropical Butterfly Conservatory or a water adventure with Great Turtle Kayak Tours is a great addition.

Orlando, FL

It wouldn’t be summer without a trip to Orlando. For those who want to visit some of the hottest theme parks of all time, Orlando is home to Walt Disney World Theme Parks, Sea World Orlando, and Universal Orlando Resort. If you would rather skip the amusement parks and experience the more natural side of Orlando, there are options such as deep sea fishing in Gulf of Mexico and Orlando Zipline Tours at Florida EcoSafaris!

1.What can you enjoy in San Antonio?

A. Play in the hottest theme parks of all time. B. Visit a butterfly conservatory.

C. Go deep sea fishing in a gulf. D. Have a taste of the city’s history.

2.Where should you go if you want to explore nature in Orlando?

A. Florida EcoSafaris.

B. Sea World Orlando.

C. Walt Disney World Theme Parks.

D. Wings of Mackinac Tropical Butterfly Conservatory.

3.What do the three places have in common?

A. They are famous for an adventure. B. They are fit for summer holidays.

C. They lie in the same state. D. They all have a theme park.

 

听下面一段独白,回答以下小题。

1.How many people are there in the woman’s family?

A. Three. B. Four. C. Five.

2.What did the children think about having dinner together at home?

A. They thought it was funny.

B. They disliked the idea at first.

C. They liked eating with friends.

3.How often did the family finally decide to have meals together?

A. Every Sunday. B. Twice a week. C. Three times a week.

4.Who finally set the time for these family dinners?

A. The children. B. The father. C. The woman speaker.

 

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

1.Where does this conversation take place?

A. At the airport. B. In a restaurant. C. On the street.

2.Why does the woman like San Francisco?

A. It has less traffic.

B. It has the best food and music.

C. People there are friendlier.

3.Where does the woman come from?

A. Pennsylvania. B. San Francisco. C. China.

4.What does the woman think of the man’s English?

A. Excellent. B. Acceptable. C. Strange.

 

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

1.What are the speakers talking about?

A. Popular sports events.

B. TV programs people like best.

C. Things people do after work.

2.How did the woman do the research?

A. She talked to people.

B. She sent letters to people.

C. She got information from papers.

3.What do most people do in their spare time?

A. Go to movies. B. Read books. C. Watch TV.

 

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

1.Why does the man feel surprised?

A. The woman has got a new job.

B. The woman will work late.

C. The woman disagrees with him.

2.What does the woman say about her department?

A. There is a lack of trust.

B. There are serious problems.

C. There is too much pressure.

 

听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。

1.What was the woman doing before she went home?

A. Tying a report. B. Rewriting a report. C. Reviewing a report.

2.Where did the woman have her dinner?

A. In a restaurant. B. In her office. C. At home.

 

Where are the two speakers now?

A. On the first floor.

B. On the fourth floor.

C. On the fifth floor.

 

What can we learn about the woman?

A. She is angry with the man.

B. She doesn’t like her roommate.

C. She is rather quiet.

 

What are the speakers mainly talk about?

A. A child. B. A room. C. A present.

 

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