What color dress does the man suggest?

A. Blue. B. Pink. C. Green.

 

假定你是李华,与你的英国朋友Lisa正在学习中国绘画。市艺术馆将招聘暑期志愿者。请你写封邮件邀请他一起报名。内容包括:

1. 教小学生绘画;

2. 维持游客秩序;

3. 每周工作三天。

注意:1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每次错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用()划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

When I got up on this morning, I had a strange feeling that it isn’t going to be my day. First, I got up later, missing breakfast. Then, dashed to the bus stop, I slipped and fell on the ground. To make matters bad, the bus didn’t stop for me because it was overcrowded. It had no choice but to take a taxi. Not until the taxi got to my school I realize I have left my wallet at home. After I did lots of explain and apologizing, the driver let me go. In a end, I reached the school gate. To my astonishment, I suddenly realized it was a school holiday.

 

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式,并将答案填写在答题卡相应的位置上。

Tracy Wong is a well-known Chinese-American writer. But her writing skill was something she picked 1. by herself. She became a part-time writer for IBM after 2.(graduate) from college. Then, writing stories was 3.(simple)a personal interest. Tracy sent three of her stories to a publisher. 4.(interest), they immediately suggested that she put them together 5.(make)a single one long story and paid Tracy $ 50, 000 in advance, which was a pretty money for an unknown writer.

Even though Tracy’s 6.(character) are interesting, her stories sometimes leave readers uneasy: those about the supernatural. “My mother believed I could connect with the afterlife world,” she told a close friend. “She used to have me speak with my grandmother, 7. died many years ago.”

“Can I? I don’t think I can,” Tracy said with a laugh. “But I do have moments when things come to me for no reason.” Once, she 8.(wonder) how to complete a scene set in ancient China when the doorbell suddenly rang. It was a FedEx delivery man, with a copy of a book on Chinese history. 9. came without her having ordered it!

Though she has published 10 books, Tracy has remained unchanged by her fame. She lives in the same way she lived 27 years ago — although in a 10.(big) house. There’s more room for joy in her life — and it wasn’t just writing.

 

??? It’s 27 years since my last conversation with my mother, who didn’t finish school like many of her contemporary girls. She often told me, “I never got my ________ but one day you will.”

Pointing to a tree or cow, she asked me to ________ their English names after her. Feeling ________, I asked, “Mama, why do I have to learn these ________ phrases?” She held her pen right before my eyes. “Hold it firmly,” she ________ me, “for this pen and the new foreign language will be your compass to ________ around the world.” Sadly, my mother died of breast cancer when I was six.

Turning seven, I traveled 30 miles to live closer to my school. But “closer” is a ________ term in Uganda, which ________ I had to get up as the ________ sun rose and then ran 8. 8 miles barefoot to school. Also, I needed to carry a stick in ________ of snakes and dogs. During the ________ season, the path to school was ________ daily and I’d swim with one hand, using the other hand to ________ the book bag on my head.

Research shows 70 percent of poor children don’t ________ primary school in Uganda. Reasons for this ________ dropout rate includes the long ________ some children must ________ among many other reasons.

Fortunately, I’ve made it. Whenever I see the sun rise, I am ________ of the wisdom of my mother, who ________ me to dream big and to use the ________ of the pen to make my dream come true.

1.A. degree B. scholarship C. recommendation D. admission

2.A. recite B. use C. repeat D. guess

3.A. anxious B. curious C. disappointed D. annoyed

4.A. tough B. new C. foreign D. old

5.A. encouraged B. consulted C. blamed D. frightened

6.A. fly B. turn C. walk D. sail

7.A. relative B. real C. simple D. technical

8.A. shows B. means C. proves D. states

9.A. warm B. early C. bright D. hot

10.A. search B. possession C. spite D. case

11.A. summer B. cold C. rainy D. dry

12.A. damaged B. repaired C. blocked D. flooded

13.A. drag B. hold C. put D. seize

14.A. attend B. enter C. complete D. continue

15.A. constant B. steady C. low D. high

16.A. distances B. periods C. lists D. stories

17.A. cover B. consider C. judge D. measure

18.A. informed B. warned C. reminded D. told

19.A. enabled B. inspired C. expected D. intended

20.A. value B. power C. symbol D. length

 

??? When I was nine years old, I learned how to make a coin disappear. I’d read The Lord of the Rings and adventured into the adult section of the library to search for a book of magics — nine being that curious age at which you’re old enough to work through more than 1, 200 pages of mysterious fantasy literature. The book I found instead taught basic techniques. 1.

At first it wasn’t even magic but just a bad trick. 2. I tossed the coin over and over, and after two weeks of this my mom got a carpet sample from the hardware store and placed it under the mirror to remove the sound of the coin falling again and again.

I had heard my dad work through passages of new music on the piano, so I knew how to practice — slowly, deliberately, going for preciseness rather than speed. 3. It did not look like a magic trick. It looked like a miracle.

4. Everyone went crazy. The teacher on duty crossed the field to see what was going on. Usually, Mrs. Tanner filled her classroom with an appetite for punishment and an oversize plastic golf club she waved like a weapon, knocking it down on the desks of the unruly and sleepy students. 5. The coin disappeared for her too. She asked to do it again. I did. I’m sure my hands were sweating, but when I looked up, everything had changed. I will remember the look on her face — the look of wide-eyed, open-mouthed wonder — forever.

A. I was soon absorbed in the plot.

B. I devoted the next months to practice.

C. She was really angry about the whole thing.

D. One day I made the coin disappear on the playground.

E. At last I tried before the mirror and the coin disappeared.

F. Now she marched toward me and demanded to know what was going on.

G. I spent hours each day running through the secret moves in front of the mirror.

 

??? On September 10, 2018, Jack Ma, founder and chairman of Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba, announced his successor(继任者)at the company he founded 19 years ago. Surprisingly, in a country where 70 to 80 percent of private companies are still family run, Mr. Ma did not name a family member. Rather, one of the world’s largest e-commerce companies will be led by Daniel Zhang, an 11-year Alibaba old hand chosen only for his “professional talent.”

The history of many countries can be marked by a trend away from dependence on family succession in business, or the belief that qualities of leadership flow through bloodlines. Ma is a true innovator(创新者)in many ways, most famously for building an innovative online shopping market worth more than the economies of most countries. But his legacy(遗产)may lie in showing how China as well as much of Asia can produce founders of successful organizations unwilling to pass the torch to relatives.

“Alibaba was never about Jack Ma,” he stated in announcing his succession plan. Instead, the former schoolteacher who came from lowly origins is stepping back from day-to-day operations because he has built a system that takes root in a company culture based on innovation, transparency, and responsibility. “For the last 10 years, we kept working on these ingredients,” he stated.

The company’s future will depend on developing a wealth of talent that drives innovation, he said. And in a society with a long tradition of cautious distrust toward those outside the family circle, Ma has built an “architecture of trust” with customers, who number over half a billion. Chinese now readily rely on Alibaba’s online payment system, its ratings of products and services, and other trust-building systems or methods pioneered by the company.

China’s rapid growth now produces a new billionaire almost every day. Many of them, like Ma, have favored systems of management based on talent and honesty. As many countries have discovered as they progress, it is better to swim in a talent pool, not a gene(基因)pool.

1.What do we know about Daniel Zhang from the passage?

A. He’s a talented professor.

B. He’s an experienced manager.

C. He’s a successful founder.

D. He’s Chairman of Alibaba.

2.Where does Ma’s legacy lie in?

A. Becoming a successful innovative founder.

B. Casting doubt on traditional succession plan.

C. Providing creative answers to succession problems.

D. Representing trends towards non-family-run companies.

3.What seems to be the recipe for the company’s future success?

A. Trust-building methods.

B. The “architecture of trust”.

C. A culture of talent development.

D. The latest successful innovations.

4.What can be a suitable title for the text?

A. Prefer Qualities to Blood.

B. Train a Potential Successor.

C. Favor Genes over Talents.

D. Provide New Management.

 

??? Parents tend to favour children of one sex in certain situations — or so evolutionary biologists tell us. A new study used colored backpack sales data to show that parental wealth may influence spending on sons different from daughters.

In 1973 biologist Robert Trivers and computer scientist Dan Willard published a paper suggesting that parents invest(投入)more resources, such as food and effort, in male children when times are good, and in female children when times are bad. According to the Trivers-Willard hypothesis(假说), a son given lots of resources can become a gentleman — but parents with few resources tend to invest them in daughters, who generally find it easier to be a fair maiden.

Studying parental investment after birth is difficult, however. The new study looked for a standard of measurement of such investment that met several criteria: it shouldn’t be affected by sex differences in the need for resources; it should measure investment rather than outcomes; and it should be objective.

Study author Shige Song, a sociologist at Queens College, City University of New York, examined spending on pink and blue backpacks purchased in China in 2015 from a large retailer, JD. com. He narrowed the data to about 5, 000 bags: blue backpacks bought by families known to have at least one boy and pink ones bought by families known to have at least one girl. The results showed that wealthier families spent more on blue than pink backpacks — suggesting greater investment in sons. Poorer families spent more on pink packs than blue ones. The findings were published in Evolution and Human Behavior.

Song’s evidence for the Trivers-Willard hypothesis is “indirect” but “pretty convincing,” says Rosemary Hopcroft, a sociologist at the. University of North Carolina at Charlotte, who was not connected with the new study. Hopcroft reported in 2016 that U. S. fathers with high-status occupations were more likely to send their sons to private school than their daughters, while fathers with lower-status jobs more often enrolled their female children. Although the new study does not prove the families were buying the blue backpacks for boys and pink ones for girls, Hopcroft notes that “it’s a clever and interesting paper, and it’s a rather unusual use of big data.”

1.What does the writer intend to do in Paragraph 2?

A. Introduce an earlier study.

B. Identify children’s needs.

C. Assess the influence of a study.

D. Explore into parental investment.

2.What offers a challenge for the new study?

A. The investment meeting several criteria.

B. The measurement of eventual outcomes.

C. Different demands for resources between sexes.

D. Consistent standards in measuring parental investment.

3.What can be learned from Song’s research?

A. The new study was done in 2015.

B. Big data was sampled for research.

C. Preference was offered to consumers.

D. Blue packs were favored over pink ones.

4.Which of the following is likely to match Hopcroft’s remark on Song’s research?

A. It’s entertaining. B. It’s well-designed.

C. It’s unbelievable. D. It’s unusual.

 

??? In 2011, the old style Malta buses were taken off the road and replaced by modern vehicles. Most of the old buses were deserted, a few were sold, and about 100 of them were put into storage in the hope of showing them in a museum at some stage.

A pre-2011 visit to Malta wouldn’t have been complete without a ride on one of the colorful buses. Until 1973 you could tell the destination of the bus just by looking at its color — Sliema was green and white, Zabbar was red and white with a blue stripe(条纹)etc. . Later, the buses all had numbers. For a while, they were all painted green and white before the ‘final’ orange, yellow and white.

In their prime, walking around the Triton fountain at the Valletta bus station, you would have found it very difficult to see two buses of exactly the same design. Most of them had locally built bodies. On the front of the buses carried names like Dodge, Leyland, Bedford etc. . You were equally likely to find football pennants(锦旗)and the like decorating the cabs. Real bus experts would have recognized that these were there mainly for decorative reasons, and were seldom an accurate reflection of the vehicle’s origins.

Nowadays much more modern buses are to be found at the Floriana bus station. They are more environmentally friendly and possibly even more comfortable than the older types. However, I miss the old buses. I remember, when you boarded your bus, you had to prepare the correct change to pay the usually bad-tempered driver as you got on. If you were seated anywhere near the front, you would have noticed that most drivers sat well to the right of their steering wheel. The reason for this, as any Maltese would tell you, was to leave space for their pet to sit alongside them. I wonder where the pet sits these days.

1.What makes a pre-2011 visit to Malta special according to Paragraph 2?

A. Traveling in colorful buses.

B. Using buses with stripes.

C. Painting buses bright colors.

D. Telling destinations by different colors.

2.Which of the following best explains “prime” underlined in Paragraph 3?

A. Painful time. B. Exciting time.

C. Moment of fantasy. D. Moment of glory.

3.What can we learn about Malta buses when they were popular?

A. They were of the same pattern.

B. The decorations reflected their origin.

C. Most were uniquely designed.

D. Only football pennants decorated the cabs.

4.How would the author feel about the old style Malta buses?

A. Comfortable. B. Environment-friendly.

C. Safe. D. Memorable.

 

??? The Harvard Pre-College Program is a nice experience for high school students. Alongside peers(同辈)from around the world, you’ll be introduced to college life as you attend classes, live on campus, and enjoy fun outings and activities.

Learning without limits

Biology, physics, law, writing and philosophy — these are just a few of the 30-plus courses you can choose from in each session. In our noncredit classes, we set aside grades so that you can fully commit to your growth as a well-rounded student. Class sizes typically range from 14 to 18 students to encourage interactive learning.

Living at Harvard

When you attend the Pre-College Program, you’ll live in a historic undergraduate house, near Harvard Square. You will be with your fellow Pre-College students, resident directors, and proctors who provide support. You’ll also enjoy meals in one of Harvard’s dining halls, which are a short walk from Harvard Yard and provide many options for a variety of dietary needs.

Thriving outside the classroom

The summer Pre-College Program offers many mentally challenging co-curricular(补充课程的)activities beyond the classroom. With faculty and Harvard-affiliated experts, you will have the opportunity to participate in workshops on topics like the psychology of color-blindness, classic literature from around the world and science of happiness. From our Cambridge scavenger hunt to a trip to the Sand Sculpting Festival at America’s first public beach, there’s no shortage of fun activities in the Pre-College Program.

1.What do we know about the 30-plus courses?

A. You can only choose five of them.

B. They provide credits for students.

C. You should set aside other subjects.

D. They assist your full development.

2.Where can you enjoy meals during the program?

A. Near Harvard Square. B. Close to Harvard Yard.

C. In one of the workshops. D. In an undergraduate house.

3.What is the purpose of the passage?

A. To advertise meals. B. To comment on an activity.

C. To introduce a program. D. To recommend courses.

 

假定你是李华,今年暑假你将参加英国名校两周游夏令营,计划7月份在伦敦逗留三天(71315日),并住在Wellington Hotel。你想与去年在你家接待过的英国学生 Charlie见面,请你给他写一封邮件,内容包括:

1. 简单介绍伦敦的行程;

2. 希望见面并商量见面的时间和地点。

注意:1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3. 开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

Dear Charlie,

How time flies! It has been almost a year since your last visit. ______________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Looking forward to your reply.

Yours,

Li Hua

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

I am honored to have the chance to write for you. I have noticed that our school has very limited resources in term of students’ opportunities to do sports.

It is known to all what sports are very important to young people. If they have an access to good sports facilities, young people can adopt a healthy lifestyle and become more confident.

I suggest build a new playground, where should be designed for students with different interests. They should have a different section for each activity and available to students all year round. I believe so a sports area will meet our sporting needs.

Thanks for your reading.

 

根据首字母,在句中填入正确的单词使句子意思完整。

1.The car is still under g________, so the manufacturer will repair it without charging you any money.

2.The newly-built theater is wheelchair a________, which brings great convenience to the disabled who can only move around on wheelchairs.

3.President Xi said we should make China a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized and h________ modern socialist country.

4.Mr. Wang is a________ as an excellent goalkeeper because he never fails to catch the ball.

5.With the popularity of Zhuhai Chime Long Ocean Kingdom, more local employments will be created, p________ in service industries.

6.Students’ bringing cellphones back to the campus is f________ in Zhuhai No.1 High school.

7.Words failed to c________ my feelings the moment I saw my long-lost sister at the railway station in London.

8.The job a________ must have good communication skills, a business qualification and first of all previous working experience.

9.China made a c________ to peace and promised not to launch war against other countries first.

10.She is increasingly l________ in confidence about herself, because she is not good at sports and always fails in the exams.

 

阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。

When Victor Gao was growing up in rural China in 1. 1970s, cars and trucks were so rare that he would chase them with the other children through the dirt roads, 2. (thrill) by the strange sight. Today, China is the world’s largest automobile producer, 3. more than double the capacity of the United States.

“I never 4. (expect) that an ordinary Chinese family would own a car and China would be a major automobile making country,” Gao said, “It would be completely beyond my 5. (wild) dreams that China would produce more automobiles than the US.”

December 18, 2018 marks four decades since China started the process, 6. has transformed it from a poor country into an economic superpower. This era of great change 7. (know) broadly as “Reform and Opening”. At the beginning of the reform era, China’s GDP was just under $150 billion 8. it has sharply increased to over $12 trillion today. In the last 20 years alone, wealth per adult has quadrupled(成四倍), 9. (leave) fewer than 1% of the population in extreme 10. (poor). China now has 600 billionaires, a higher number than anywhere else in the world.

 

??? A smile is a facial expression showing pleasure, affection and friendliness. And it is the commonest way to show our good will perfectly ______ saying anything. A Chinese saying runs: “Never hit a person who is smiling at you.” It is a time-proven fact that the smile is a language all its own — a ______ language—understood by the people of every nation in the world. We may not ______ the same tongue as our foreign neighbors, but we smile in the same way. We need no ______ for such a way of expressing love, happiness, or good will.

One day while I was _____ in a small town in southern California, it was my misfortune to be ______ by a clerk whose personality conflicted with mine. He seemed most _____ and not at all concerned about my intended purchase. I bought nothing, and _____ angrily out of the store. On the outside stood a young man in his early twenties. His expressive brown eyes met and held mine, and in the next instant a beautiful, dazzling smile covered his _____. The magnetic power of that smile ______ all bitterness within me, and I found the muscles in my own face happily ______ . “Beautiful day, isn’t it?” I remarked. Then, obeying an impulse(冲动), I turned back. “I really owe you a debt of ____ ,” I said softly. His smile deepened, but he made no attempt to ______ . A Mexican woman and two men were standing nearby. The woman stepped forward and eyed me inquiringly. “Sir, Carlos doesn’t speak English.” She ______ , “You want me to tell him something?” At that moment I felt ______ . Carlos’ smile had made a big person of me. My friendliness and good ______ towards all mankind stood ten feet tall.

“Yes,” my reply was enthusiastic and _____ , “Tell him I said, ‘Thank you!’”

“Thank you?” The woman seemed slightly ______ .

I gave her arm a friendly ______ as I turned to leave. “Just tell him that,” I insisted. “He’ll understand, I am sure!”

Oh, what a smile can do! Although I have never seen that young man again, I shall never forget the lesson he taught me that morning. From that day on, I became smile-conscious, and I practice the art ______ , anywhere and everywhere, with everybody.

1.A. by B. beyond C. on D. without

2.A. special B. universal C. beautiful D. national

3.A. speak B. regard C. stick D. hold

4.A. help B. interpreter C. reason D. concept

5.A. driving B. travelling C. shopping D. living

6.A. treated B. attended C. approached D. scolded

7.A. unlucky B. unfriendly C. uneasy D. unconscious

8.A. marched B. tracked C. moved D. wandered

9.A. head B. face C. mind D. shoulder

10.A. froze B. brought about C. left D. drove away

11.A. tightening B. loosening C. responding D. moving

12.A. money B. gratitude C. care D. concern

13.A. smile B. look C. join D. answer

14.A. volunteered B. hoped C. inspected D. expressed

15.A. changed B. hurt C. satisfied D. interested

16.A. luck B. wish C. will D. plan

17.A. sincere B. crazy C. excited D. frankly

18.A. absorbed B. confused C. convinced D. determined

19.A. hit B. kiss C. hug D. pat

20.A. quickly B. happily C. diligently D. certainly

 

Children's Games in Ancient China

Unlike the children nowadays, the children during ancient times didn't have smart phone, iPad or computer to entertain(娱乐) themselves. 1. Let's take a look.

Flying kites

Kites have quite a long history. The earliest kites were made of wood, instead of paper. Nowadays, the three most famous kites are the Beijing kite, Tianjin kite and Weifang kite. 2. For example, the swallow-shaped kite is a well-known Beijing style.

Playing hide-and-seek

Hide-and-seek is a traditional game for children, popular around the nation. Even nowadays, many children like playing it. There are two ways to play. One way is covering a child's eyes while other kids run around to tease(戏弄) him. 3.

4.

The closest thing to watching a film or television for entertainment during ancient times was going to see a shadow play. Folk artists manipulate puppets behind the screen, narrating stories and accompanied by music.

Setting off firecrackers(鞭炮)

Firecrackers have a history of more than 2,000 years. It is said that there was a beast (野兽)named Nian in ancient China. 5. After gunpowder was invented, it gradually replaced the bamboo joint cracker. Crackers are still set off during Spring Festival to symbolize auspiciousness(吉利).

A. Watching shadow plays

B. Each of them has special features.

C. Different materials are used to make the kite.

D. Shadow plays were the popular entertaining form in ancient times.

E. And to scare off the beast, people burnt bamboo joints to make it blast.

F. More commonly, participants hide and one child must try to find them.

G. Instead, they came up with(想出) interesting games to play in their childhood.

 

??? In life, we're often torn between the person we want to be and the person we ought to be. Yet, while many hesitate to take the risks of becoming their "ideal self', a new study shows that people regret not running after their passion.

Inspired by research published in the 1990s, psychologist Thomas Gilovich along with his colleague built upon his original study, which proved that regrets came from what people hadn't done, by looking into the content of people's most enduring regrets grown from not living up to our "ideal self", as opposed to not living according to our "ought self".

Researchers began by explaining the difference between regrets concerning the "ideal self" and the "ought self", before asking participants to list their regrets. Across the six different studies conducted as part of this project, participants said they experienced regrets concerning their ideal self more often. They also mentioned more ideal-self regrets than ought-self regrets when asked to list their regrets in life so far.

"Our work is the first to show that people's biggest life regrets more often involve failures to live up to their ideal self than their ought self," the researchers said. They advise that people go on with caution, as the best way to live depends on how much weight you place on your ought self and your ideal self. If you care more about your ought self, you'll be wise to minimize your regrets by thinking twice before going ahead and seizing the moment.

Despite this research, however, knowing what you want and pursuing that passion are two different things. Maybe you'll be encouraged by a quote from Mark Twain:" Twenty years from now you will be more disappointed by the things you didn't do than by the ones you did. So throw off the bowlines, sail away from the safe harbor, and catch the trade winds in your sails."

1.What did Thomas's original study prove?

A. People didn't take a risk in life.

B. People regretted what they hadn't done.

C. People lived up to their ideal self.

D. People regretted pursuing their passion.

2.How was the researchers' new study carried out?

A. By analyzing six different studies.

B. By analyzing people's various responses.

C. By explaining the difference among regrets.

D. By comparing ideal-self and ought-self regrets.

3.What did the researchers advise people to do?

A. Look back now and then.

B. Think twice before feeling regretful.

C. Live according to their choice.

D. Care more about their own life.

4.What is implied in Mark Twain's quote in the last paragraph?

A. Everyone should be forced to pursue their goals.

B. Everyone should make full use of their surroundings.

C. Everyone should have the courage to pursue their goals.

D. Everyone should stop themselves from getting disappointed.

 

??? Don't get mad the next time you catch your teenager texting when he promised to be studying. He simply may not be able to resist. A UI (University of Iowa) study found teenagers are far more sensitive than adults to the immediate effect or reward of their behaviors. The findings may help explain why the initial rush of texting may be more attractive for adolescents than the long-term payoff of studying

For the teenager, the rewards are attractive, ” says Professor Jatin Vaidya, an author of the study. “They draw adolescents. Sometimes, the rewards are a kind of motivation for them. Even when a behavior is no longer in a teenager's best interest to continue, he will still go on. That’s because the effect of the reward is still there and lasts much longer in adolescents than in adults.”

For parents, that means limiting distractions so teenagers can make better choices. Take the homework and social media dilemma for example: At 9 p.m., shut off everything except a computer that has no access to Facebook or Twitter, the researchers advise. "I m not saying they shouldn’t be allowed access to technology, Vaidya says. "But some help in netting their concentration is necessary for them so they can develop those impulse(冲动)-control skills.

In their study, Vaidya and co-author Shaun Vecera note researchers generally believe teenagers are impulsive, make bad decisions, and engage in risky behavior because the frontal lobes(额叶) of their brains are not fully developed. But the UT researchers wonder whether something more fundamental is going on with adolescents to cause behaviors independent of higher-level reasoning.

We want to try to understand how the brains reward system changes from childhood to adulthood, "says Vaidya, who adds the reward character in the human brain is easier than decision-making. "We’ve been trying to understand the reward process in adolescence and whether there is more to adolescence behavior than an underdeveloped frontal lobe, "he adds. For their study, the researchers persuaded 40 adolescents, aged 13 and 16, and 40 adults, aged 20 and 35 to participate.

In the future, researchers hope to look into the psychological and neurological aspects of their results.

1.What does the passage mainly tell us?

A. Adolescents care more about instant rewards.

B. Adolescents cannot resist temptation of bigger rewards.

C. Adolescents are most fond of texting to friends.

D. Adolescents are sensitive to the effect of their behaviors.

2.What is the underlined word distractions closest in meaning to?

A. Immediate rewards. B. The pull of social media.

C. Concentration training. D. Obstacles to attention.

3.Which statement agrees with Jatin Vaidya's idea?

A. Children should have access to the Internet

B. Children need help in maintaining their attention.

C. Parents should help children in making decisions.

D. The influence of the reward is weak in adolescents

4.What result does teenagers’ brain underdevelopment lead to?

A. Making good decisions B. Avoiding risky behavior

C. Joining in dangerous actions D. Doing things after some thought

 

??? Director James Cameron went to new depths for his film-making on Sunday by setting the world record for the deepest ocean dive by a single person.

This type of extreme research is nothing new to the director. Cameron, 57, is most famous for directing Titanic (1997) and Avantar (2009). During the several years of research for Titanic, he famously traveled to the bottom of the ocean to visit the sunken ship. He also visited the deep sea as research for his fictional 1989 film. The Abyss, which is about a submarine that comes across an alien species. "Most people know me as a film-maker, "Cameron said. "But the idea of exploring the ocean has always been the stronger drive in my life.

Cameron and his team had been preparing for the trip for seven years. On Sunday, Cameron took more than two and a half hours to make the dangerous 6.8-mile journey down to the Trench, an area with near-freezing temperatures, no sunlight, and heavy water pressure. Cameron traveled in a 24-foot-long mini-submarine he helped design, equipped with lights and 3D cameras for filming the adventure. It also had a mechanical arm for collecting samples of soil and deep-sea creatures. Humans had not visited the Mariana Trench since two divers first reached the deep-sea spot in 1960. The divers Don Walsh and Swiss oceanographer Jacques Piccard spent 20 minutes there but could hardly see anything. They took no pictures.

In his well-equipped submarine, Cameron was able to spend three hours in the Trench, exploring and filming. He plans to use his recordings in a 3D film production for movie theaters and for a National Geographic TV special. “I see this as the beginning,” Cameron said. “It's not a one-time deal. This is just the beginning of opening up this new frontier.”

1.We learn from the passage that James Cameron______

A. won't dive again in the future

B. is known as a film-maker to most people

C. is the only one who has ever been to the deep ocean

D. is famous for having reached the deepest ocean with his friends

2.Which of the following is TRUE about the film The Abyss?

A. It takes place underwater.

B. It was Cameron's first fictional film

C. Cameron spent seven years researching for it

D. Cameron dived to the bottom of the Trench for it

3.It can be inferred from the passage that________.

A. Cameron is very interested in high-tech

B. Cameron plans to use his recordings in the deep sea in all his films

C. Cameron will continue his exploration of the deep ocean

D. Cameron wants to make a lot of money from his exploration

4.What's the best title for the passage?

A. The Great Movies of James Cameron

B. James Cameron’s Autobiography

C. Hardship Under Water

D. A Director's Deep Dive

 

??? A notice at IKEA Shanghai has been shared widely among netizens on Chinese social media. It states that the stores cafeteria now requires customers to order food before sitting down in cafeteria seats. The policy is in response to an elderly blind dating group that occupies seats for a long time, consuming only their own food brought from home. Do you support IKEA’s new regulation? China Daily readers share their opinions with us.

Lee Xin (China)

The elderly are harmless. They are lonely and are probably hoping to find some company again. If anything, the store should at least sympathize with these old people.

Mbursian (US)

This is more for socializing than for romance. I really don’t think a home furnishing store is a good dating place for seniors.

IKEA could also post a reasonable time limit per visit during peak hours. Or instead of tables and chairs, they could use those standing tables and get rid of the chairs altogether. At least IKEA’s cafeteria isn’t occupied by the dancing grannies and their portable PA systems (音响).

SEARU (Australia)

Romance is the most important thing while eating is not that important! So a noble man always leaves more space for seniors’ love affairs!

Mr. Qiu (Shanghai, China 65 years old)

We have been to fast food outlets like McDonalds, but there are barely any peers there. We feel like aliens surrounded by youngsters. If there is another place in Shanghai where elderly people can gather, we are more than ready to pay twice as much and travel further.

TedM (UK)

Romance can arise in many places, even IKEA. However, this debate arose as a result of many people taking advantage of IKEA’s generous drink offers and going there to meet and stay with friends without buying anything. IKEA is a shop; it exists to provide a service for a reasonable profit. It is not a public park.

Michel (New Zealand)

To everyone romanticizing this, please also consider that the store has an image to uphold while protecting the interests of other paying customers. It is ugly to take up seats for such long durations while you make others wait.

1.How many people are in support of this new regulation?

A. 2. B. 3.

C. 4. D. 5.

2.What is the major cause of this new regulation?

A. Senior blind dates influencing their business.

B. IKEA has zero tolerance for romantic behavior.

C. The strong reaction of netizens on social media.

D. Old people eating their own food to save money.

3.People who are against the new regulation will probably agree that??????????? .

A. seniors’ love affairs can contribute to the store’s image

B. IKEA is the only place where seniors can find their peers

C. the society is being too judgmental and lacks understanding

D. IKEA should not reserve a special area for the old people to date

 

_______ with heavy loads of school work ______ he became an easy target of the flu.

A. So tired was the student; that B. So tired the student was; that

C. Tired as the student was; which D. The student was so tired; which

 

It was President Xi Jinping ______ visited the navy troops on April 19 and advocated that naval force ______.

A. who; be strengthened B. that; would be strengthened

C. who; to be strengthened D. that; must be strengthened

 

There is no doubt ______ the fact ______ it is not suitable to grow cash crops here .

A. whether, that B. that, why C. if, which D. about, that

 

It would be a good idea to use a plastic bottle, ______ cut off, as a container to grow young plants in.

A. of which the top B. the top is C. the top being D. with its top

 

All of a sudden, the thief walking behind a young and beautiful woman ______ her handbag, ______ into the crowd.

A. seized; rushed B. seizing; rushed

C. seized; rushing D. seizing; rushing

 

The theory he sticks to _______ to be of no use in his new work ______ he finds it hard to fit in.

A. is proved; where B. proves; with which

C. proving; to which D. prove; how

 

______ is known to us all, the old scientist, for ______ life was hard in the past, still works hard in his eighties.

A. It; whom B. As; whom C. As; whose D. It; whose

 

Our colleague Tony is said ______ abroad next month. Who do you think our boss would like ______ with him, James or Alex?

A. to send; to have gone B. to be sent; to have go

C. to send; to have go D. to be sent; to have gone

 

I looked up and noticed a snake ______ its way up the tree to catch its breakfast, ______ scared me away.

A. wound, which B. wound, that

C. winding, which D. winding, that

 

Many Chinese brands, ______ their reputations over centuries, are _______ new challenges from the modern market.

A. having developed, facing B. being developed, faced

C. developed, faced D. developing, facing

 

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