满分5 > 高中英语试题【答案带解析】

阅读下面短文在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 China ha...


China has been selected to host the World Skills Competition in Shanghai in 2021, an event it hopes to us for building a stronger team of skilled workers nationwide and to improve international 1.(exchange) in technical skills. Hosting the event will help guide the whole society 2.(respect) the spirit of skilled workmanship. It will also help create 3. social atmosphere of respecting labor and admiring skill. China has 165 million skilled workers, including 47.9 million who are classed as highly skilled. They were first classified by the government in 2003. They 4.(include) as one of the major State-level talent groups along with theoretical scientists in 2015, 5.(mark) a significant rise in their social status.

China’s 6.(early) modern skills training can date back to the Qing Dynasty. It was in 1866 7. the Foochow Shipbuilding Institution in Fujian province was established. In 1978, the adoption of the reform ad opening-up policy highlighted a shortage of 8.(talent) technicians. As a result, the number of students at technical institutes rose sharply. More recently, technical education 9.(receive) greater support from the central government to help shape the nation’s producing power. Every year, more than 100 million people have access 10. technical education and training.


1.exchanges 2.to respect 3.a 4.were included 5.marking 6.earliest 7.that 8.talented 9.has received 10.to 【解析】 这是一篇说明文。2021年,世界技能大赛将在上海举行。这场大赛有望帮助我们组建全国范围内更厉害的技术工人团队,并促...

??? My wife and I parked at a trailhead (小道起点) the same time as a young man. He was covered in tattoos (纹身) and cars. I _______ he was a bad person,so we _________to distance ourselves from him. But he _______hard to catch up and wanted to talk some. We slowed down. He said he was _______ a bad time in his life. We _______ left him in the dust, heading up the river. A(n) _______later we had to turn back _______a flash flood had taken out the trail bridge.

There he was again, laboring up the trail. He also turned to _______us back. He shared a little more of his _______. In a car accident he ________ his mother and sister ans was ________ and permanently injured too. We walked slowly for the whole way back to the trailhead.

He pulled up his shirt to ________ his tattoo. It was two angels in a(n) ________ light signaling to him. He pointed... “This is my sister and this is my mom. They told me to stop ________everything and drinking heavily. They loved me and wanted me to live in love too! ”

He ________explained that the brilliantly colored tattoo was the exact vision (幻象) he had that day. He stopped drinking and started to ________people more and live a good life. My ________ melted away. It had painted a wrong picture of this wonderful ________ with a beautiful message. We had dinner together around a ________ campfire that wasn’t even lit. He stayed the night in our camper and we parted the next day.

I learned more than he ________to tell... May it also warm your heart.

1.A. assumed B. promised C. found D. admitted

2.A. failed B. tried C. refused D. pretended

3.A. thought B. practised C. cried D. struggled

4.A. recovering from B. going through C. putting up with D. looking back on

5.A. gladly B. unwillingly C. politely D. cruelly

6.A. month B. week C. day D. hour

7.A. after B. because C. before D. though

8.A. follow B. guide C. hold D. pull

9.A. glory B. burden C. story D. wine

10.A. examined B. hurt C. saved D. lost

11.A. mentally B. slightly C. terribly D. bravely

12.A. scratch B. show C. get D. remove

13.A. brilliant B. pale C. artificial D. dark

14.A. remembering B. forgiving C. hating D. experiencing

15.A. excitedly B. impatiently C. seriouly D. calmly

16.A. respect B. love C. blame D. pity

17.A. sympathy B. anger C. pride D. prejudice

18.A. night B. birdge C. person D. world

19.A. burning B. warm C. cold D. dying

20.A. hesitated B. agreed C. forgot D. hoped



??? I don’t believe Artificial Intelligence (AI) could replace my teaching career. I have always been interested in human connection, and the ways in which I can use these connections to inspire change and make a difference. 1., there are other ways where AI could make a more efficient and effective difference than I could on my own.

My teaching experiences over the past several years have been creative and inspiring. I believe that the job of educators extends beyond simply teaching students a set curriculum. 2., they must constantly reflect on ways to better their teaching, and they must inspire their students to be the best versions of themselves. And now with the help AI, they could achieve these goals much easier.

3.. First, AI can be used to promote fundamental skills, such as mathematical education and vocabulary lessons. Additionally, I see AI being used for such necessary tasks as answering questions and grading assignments. Thus I could focus my attention to establishing human connection, individualizing lesson plans and inspiring my students.

4.. I believe AI could provide a strong basis for educational equality around the world. According to Todd Leopold, close to 800 million people worldwide are functionally illiterate (不识字的). Due to its ability to efficiently pass knowledge across large groups of people fewer teachers may be needed in some schools. 5..

A. Since students will always need a human teacher

B. The benefit AI brings is far beyond my own classroom

C. I think AI is a powerful assistant to my future classroom

D. The need for students to learn how to use AI will also grow

E. Although human connection may never be able to be fully replaced by AI

F. This could be an opportunity for students everywhere to receive equal education

G. They must observe and get to know their students in order to individualize educational plans



??? Running late after several wrong turns, I made a final, desperate attempt to locate Elliott's home. Down a dirt path, past a group of geese, there it was: the two-acre property, on which Elliott grows nearly all the food she feeds her family. The Elliotts' three-bedrooms house was among a chicken cage, a pigpen, a rabbit hutch, and three gardens, the sum total of which Elliott refers to as her “homestead()”— a nod to the back-to-basics movement that inspired her lifestyle.

Elliott "homesteads" because modern technology “has rid people of their purpose”. In hopes of? “drawing on and learning things of the past,” she has for eight years rejects an increasing number of modern conveniences. She lives a life like the 19th-century homesteaders. Unlike the pioneers, however, she enthusiastically broadcasts her life to an audience of Instagram followers, book buyers, and 100,000 monthly readers of her blog. Elliott belongs to a growing network of? bloggers who have fueled the growing homesteading movement, which encourages self-reliance through the employment of traditional skills. Broadcasting on the net while trying to escape technology’s uncontrolled pace may seem incongruous, but Elliott insists that social media provide advice and moral support, which are lacking in the remote areas where many homesteaders settle.

Elliott’s day passes in a series of chores: weeding, cleaning up after the chickens, feeding the pigs, weeding again... She rejects the idea that success should involve anything more that maintaining a home. “We live in a culture where everything needs to be epic (宏大的) and awesome... Living a very average life? That’s seen as you not living up to your potential. And I really fight against that. I think the everyday is the point of our life,” she said. “It’s okay to be in the kitchen working with a baby on your back. That isn’t a step backward; it is an intentional thing”.

1.What do we know about Elliott’s “homestead”?

A. Noisy. B. Dirty. C. Difficult to find. D. Hard to maintain.

2.What influence does the Internet have on homesteading?

A. It reduces homesteaders’ everything.

B. It connects homesteading farms.

C. It helps promote homesteading.

D. It disturbs homesteader’s life.

3.What does the underlined word “incongruous” in paragraph 2 probably mean?

A. Strange B. Ambitious C. Natural D. Impossible

4.What will Elliott probably agree with?

A. Keep off the outside world B. Stay with your family

C. Wish for something epic D. Lead your own life



??? Good news for coffee and tea drinkers: No more wasting time and energy waiting for the perfect cup. Using patented Heatworks’ Ohmic Array Technology, the DUO Smart Untethered Carafe (玻璃水瓶) has the power to heat or cool water to the exact degree while you pour. With its functionality, convenience and stylish appearance, the DUO looks like quite the game changer.

So how does it work? The precise temperature control lets you pick the water temperature to the plus/minus one degree. Simply set your temperature, pour water into the tank(fits four cups) at the top and pour into your cup. The carafe features one blue spout(出水口) for filtered (过滤的) cold water and another red spout for hot water, which appears to heat up instantly.

The entire device is battery operated, making it perfect for taking it to the office or really anywhere else. Youwill also be able to plug it in, so the carafe can stay comfortably on your kitchen? table or desk to charge for on -the -go use.

The DUO advocate 99 percent energy efficiently and an advanced water filtration system created by heat works CEO Jerry Callahan,who wanted to create a heating system without using metal heating elements. Unsustainable and imperfect metal heating parts have been used for heating for the past 100 years and carry the risk of rusting(生锈). Callahan felt It was time for an upgrade heating systems, and the Ohmic Array Technology was born. Using electrical currents passed through the water itself rather than separate heated elements to transfer heat into the water. Ohmic Array cuts out a whole step in the process.

The DUO is not yet available for purchase, but you can learn more Information and sign up for the release updates on the Heatworks website.

1.What do we know about the DUO carafe from the first paragraph?

A. It makes perfect coffee. B. It heats or cools water.

C. It produces electricity to heat water D. It provides fun game to play

2.Which step is a must to get water of 80 °C with the DUO Carafe?

A. Set the required temperature B. Cool the boiling water

C. Pour water from the blue spout D. Add filtered water into the tank

3.The Ohmic Array Technology makes the DUO Carafe ___

A. fast to charge B. convenient to take

C. tough and stylish D. rust-free and time efficient

4.What's the main purpose of the text?

A. To apply for a patent B. To introduce a product

C. To report a product launch D. To share a technology



??? When the cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris (巴黎圣母院) was on fire, it seemed as if the nation had lost a piece of its soul. A similar tragedy took place in 19th century Russia. And the rebuilding effort of the Russians might offer some inspiration for the French.

Standing in the heart of the Russian capital, with 60,000 square meters of floor space and 1,500 rooms, the Winter Palace was among the world’s grandest building. On Dec. 17, 1837, a fire broke out at the Winter Palace. By the morning of Dec.19, only the structure’s framework remained.

For the czar (沙皇) , the fire presented a political challenge. Fearing that Russia's enemies would cast the fire as a blow to the czarist orders, the czar’s supporters quickly worked together to shape the description of the fire in Russia and abroad. They wanted the country to appear united. And they certainly didn't want despair to become the story.

The first full account of the fire was written in French by the poet Petr Viazemskii. A Russian translation appeared two months later. That text and others painted a highly idealized picture of the response to the tragedy. The accounts noted that the czar forcefully directed the fire’s containment. Soldiers were selfless to save the palace. The Russian people felt the loss just as deeply as the czar.

To erase the shame of the fire, the czar set a nearly impossible goal: rebuild the palace within 15 months, and he ordered that rebuilt palace look exactly as it had before.Thousands of workers labored on the construction site. They made rapid progress. On Match 25, 1839, the czar celebrated the rebirth of the Winter Palace.

Outwardly identical to the old version, the new palace featured more iron and brick in its structures---and less wood. It was far less fire-prone than the original.

Notre Dame hasn’t experienced the same level of destruction as the Winter Palace, if the Russian phoenix of 1839 is any indication, there is hope that a renewed Notre Dame will once again grace the banks of the Seine.

1.What do we know about the fire in the Winter Palace?

A. It burnt down 60,000 rooms

B. It lasted more than 24 hours

C. It was set by Russia’s enemies

D. It completely destroyed the palace

2.Why did the czar decide to rebuild the palace in a short time?

A. To secure his power

B. To challenge his enemies

C. To unite French people

D. To celebrate his birthday

3.What did Viazemskii and others stress in their accounts?

A. The scene of the fire

B. The selflessness of the czar

C. The Russians’ joint effort to fight the fire

D. The ideal result achieved by the Russians.

4.What’s the author’s purpose in writing the passage?

A. To describe a fire at the Winter Palace

B. To praise the renewal of the Winter Palace

C. We express sympathy for the Notre Dame

D. To inspire confidence in rebuilding the Notre Dame.



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